CHI Memorial Endocrinology Associates focuses on the evaluation and management of endocrine disorders, which involve the hormonal system. The endocrine system consists of glands that produce and secrete hormones, which are chemical messengers that regulate various bodily functions.
Endocrinologists specialize in diagnosing and treating disorders related to hormones and the endocrine system. They work with patients who have conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, adrenal disorders, pituitary gland disorders, and reproductive hormone imbalances.
Endocrinologists are trained to understand the complex interactions between hormones and other bodily systems. They use a combination of clinical examination, laboratory testing, and medical imaging to diagnose endocrine disorders. Once a diagnosis is made, they develop treatment plans that may involve lifestyle modifications, medication, hormone replacement therapy, or surgery.
Common endocrine disorders include:
- Diabetes: A condition characterized by high blood sugar levels due to insufficient insulin production (Type 1 diabetes) or ineffective use of insulin (Type 2 diabetes).
- Thyroid disorders: These include hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), goiter (enlarged thyroid), and thyroid nodules.
- Adrenal disorders: Adrenal glands produce hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone. Disorders include Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome, and adrenal insufficiency.
- Pituitary gland disorders: The pituitary gland controls the production and release of various hormones. Disorders include pituitary tumors, growth hormone deficiency, and hyperprolactinemia.
- Reproductive hormone imbalances: Conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), infertility, and menopause-related hormonal changes fall under this category.